El pasado 31 de enero fue presentada telemáticamente la solicitud para constituir un Grupo de Acción sobre MAR, relacionado con el proyecto MAR-SOLutions pero mucho más enfocado a la puesta en valor de los resultados en el tejido industrial.
El AG recopila las ideas básicas del presentado en 2013 MAR-Solve, añadiendo un plan de acción para su implantación en hasta nueve sectores y agentes del ciclo hidrológico más relacionados con la industria, concretando planes de acción.
El coordinador es LNEC (Lisboa) con hasta 35 participantes. TRAGSA, principal redactor de la nueva propuesta, formará parte del Steering Group, en caso de ser aprobado.
En dos meses está previsto que la EU publique la resolución de los nuevos AG para 2014.
Adjuntamos el resumen ejecutivo y principales objetivos de este AG:
The innovative technical aspects of the planned activities include the development of novel MAR systems, or modification of existing ones, with sound technologies that can overcome the main drawbacks. MAR will increase aquifer storage that can be used in meteorological drought periods, to supply water to human activities or to keep natural ecosystems. At the same time, it will enable to solve flood problems by promoting aquifer recharge.
This strategic storage could also be used by some industrial branches, water utilities and water cycle agents, for their future survival and development, as well as to bring new solutions for SMEs. There is no business without sustainability and the opposite.
The important role developed by forest masses in major basin watersheds will be addressed in the AG. According to studies in the Eastern part of Spain, forests increase the seepage in the aquifers in comparison to close barren areas (www.dina-mar.es). It is also worth mentioning the importance of vegetal masses on climate change.
The major questions to be addressed by the Action Group are based on the idea that “Industry should understand that much of its future is linked to groundwater by means of increasing its awareness through adapted dissemination techniques". There are still some barriers that difficult the MAR market uptake but that can be overcome with appropriate promotion of research outputs and a two-way interaction process with stakeholders (WaterDISS, 2013, http://www.waterdiss.eu/node/71).
Some challenging lines of action are:
- Water efficiency linked to a bigger productivity and savings in water supply and energy costs (the demand for water is currently increasing).
- Better cope with climate change extreme events (floods and droughts).
- Guarantee for sustainability and permanence even in water scarcity situations.
- MAR technique as a "Market opportunity" for market drivers and applications.
- Lower “Blue print” or “water foot-print” and smaller impacts in the aquifers whose content is going to impact other places as virtual water.
- Huge potential to convert MAR into job opportunity creation.
- Strengthen cooperation with international organisms, in particular the IAH-MAR Commission, UNESCO, World Bank, FAO and Red Cross.
- Sequential actions involving, firstly, related industrial sectors of high visibility.
- Mathematical modelling and hydrogeological scientific based indexes for the appropriate location of new MAR sites.
- Hydro-economic modelling (combining hydro (geo) logical, structural, institutional and economic factors to simulate the evolution of the value of water in space and time).